棕油原油价格在1年内,从每公吨2800令吉下挫至低于2100令吉

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欧盟对棕油贸易的打压是棕油价格下跌的原因之一。欧盟早前制定条例,从2019年起限制使用包括棕油等为主的生物燃料,并在2023年逐步停止使用,直到2030年全面禁止使用。在欧盟的打压下,棕油原油价格在1年内,从每公吨2800令吉下挫至低于2100令吉。棕油业者应积极获取永续棕油认证(MSPO),以确保棕油产品达到国际标准,消除欧盟的打压。目前,国内仅有20%的业者获得MSPO,比例甚低,需大幅提高。 

 

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2018-11-13 10:31

星观点·提升棕油业竞争力

政府有意扩大印度与中国市场,惟同样面对印尼的强力竞争。在缺乏价格优势下,我国业者难免处于下风。一如其他领域,回应严峻挑战的最佳方法是提升竞争力。棕油业者须化压力为动力,把困境视为成长的契机,推动改革提高效率。
 

曾经风光一时的棕油业如今面临挑战。棕油价格大幅下跌,国内棕油产量过剩,皆是眼前棘手的难题,业者与政府须携手合作,提升竞争力,开拓更大市场。

需知,马来西亚是主要的棕油生产与出口国,棕油出口为我国带来丰厚的外汇收益,棕油业一旦萎靡不振,必然会对我国经济造成负面冲击。根据资料,今年1至4月期间,各原产品的出口收入最高的是棕油产品,达242亿令吉。

欧盟对棕油贸易的打压是棕油价格下跌的原因之一。欧盟早前制定条例,从2019年起限制使用包括棕油等为主的生物燃料,并在2023年逐步停止使用,直到2030年全面禁止使用。在欧盟的打压下,棕油原油价格在1年内,从每公吨2800令吉下挫至低于2100令吉。

我国政府须与另一棕油出口大国印尼联成一线,应对国际上的反棕油运动,为棕油挣得更大的贸易空间。而国内棕油业者则应配合政府的步伐,获取大马永续棕油认证(MSPO),以确保棕油产品达到国际标准,消除欧盟的打压。目前,国内仅有20%的业者获得MSPO,比例甚低,需大幅提高。这有赖于政府的宣导鼓励,以及业者的醒觉。

无论如何,在对抗欧盟打压之余,政府与业者也要为棕油寻找新市场,开拓新机遇,以便能更有弹性地应对产量过剩的问题。善用棕油生产生物柴油,是其中一个方案,印尼早已起步,收效甚佳,我国原产业部须加大力度尽速推广相关计划。

在棕油出口领域,印尼是我国强劲的竞争对手。印尼棕油价格比我国低,在竞争中占据优势。

政府有意扩大印度与中国市场,惟同样面对印尼的强力竞争。在缺乏价格优势下,我国业者难免处于下风。一如其他领域,回应严峻挑战的最佳方法是提升竞争力。棕油业者须化压力为动力,把困境视为成长的契机,推动改革提高效率。

目前,种植业仍高度依赖外劳操作,棕油业者须以崭新思维,迈出改革步伐,采用新科技新技术,提升生产效率,降低成本,强化整体竞争力,如此才能有效地配合政府政策,把棕油业的发展推上另一个台阶。

 

Improve the competitiveness of Malaysia's palm oil industry

  • Malaysian palm oil operators must adopt new technologies to boost their productivity and efficiency while lowering their cost so that overall competitiveness could be lifted. Photo courtesy; AFP

Sin Chew Daily

The once booming oil palm industry is facing severe challenges today, as prices drop drastically in addition to an oversupply of domestic inventory.

Oil palm operators must work together with the government in order to boost their competitiveness and expand the marketplace.

Malaysia is one of the largest palm oil producing and exporting countries, and the industry has brought us lucrative foreign exchange earnings. As such, a depressing palm oil industry is poised to have a heavy impact on the country's economy. Palm oil products were the top revenue-generating commodity between January and April this year at RM24.2 billion.

One of the reasons for falling prices is trade pressure from the EU. The EU has ruled to restrict the use of biofuels from 2019, with a progressive ban from 2023 until 2030. Because of this, palm oil prices have plummeted from RM2,800 to RM2,100 per ton within one year.

Malaysia needs to join hands with Indonesia, another major palm oil exporter, to tackle any anti-palm oil campaign in the international market, while local palm oil operators must work hand in hand with the government in the Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) Certification Scheme to ensure their products meet the international standards.

Currently only about 20% of Malaysian palm oil operators have attained the MSPO certification. This ratio needs to be significantly increased, and this can only be achieved with government encouragement as well as awareness among the operators themselves.

Besides the EU, the government and operators must also look for new markets and explore new opportunities in order to resolve the problem of oversupply. One way of doing this is making good use of biofuels from palm oil.

Where this is concerned, Indonesia is one step ahead of us. It is imperative that the ministry of primary industries actively promote the relevant programs.

As for palm oil exports, Indonesia has always been a powerful competitor because their palm oil is more competitively priced than ours.

The government intends to expand the Indian and Chinese markets, but again we are facing stiff competition from Indonesia. Malaysia will continue to be disadvantaged in the absence of competitive pricing.

Like in any other sector, the best way of responding to stiff global competition is to improve our own competitiveness. Malaysian palm oil operators must turn the pressure into a motivation force, and the current dilemma into a unique opportunity for growth, in a bid to implement industrial reforms and boost our competitiveness.

At this moment the agricultural industry is still heavily dependent on the availability of migrant workers. However, the operators must innovate and reform by way of adopting new technologies to boost their productivity and efficiency and lower their production cost so that overall competitiveness could be lifted.

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