科博报告: 女皇陛下保证其政府不会放弃对沙的发展承担最终责任

打印
分类:犀乡论坛

 Image result for Lim Kian Hock Lim  Image result for cobbold commission led to the malaysia agreement signed on 9 july 1963Cobbold

the Cobbold commission took cognizance of Sarawak’s petition in 1959 to Her Majesty the Queen who gave assurance that it was implicit in the Cardinal principles that Her Majesty’s Government would not surrender final responsibility for the development of Sarawak until they were satisfied that the people as a whole were able to play their full part in the government of the country and on pursing this goal would not lost the best interest and the desires of the indigenous communities.  

 

 Image result for Lim Kian Hock

Lim Kian Hock

 

给 砂拉越编辑的信


                           沙捞越的自治目标
                                           ( Lim Kian Hock )
                                        2015年7月21日,星期二

相片
Gurkhas士兵和PFF在Long Jawi守卫1963年的选举和1963年的对抗 . 作者Lim(左二)。

相片

1963年计票,Belaga 1963年。坐着 - 候选人Matu Puso(左)和拿督Nyipa(右)。


亲爱的编辑,沙捞越作为拥有最古老的立法机构(议会Negeri)的国家感到自豪,该立法机构于1867年9月8日成立,其最早的书面宪法约有一个世纪。

这部成文宪法于1941年11月颁布,作为砂拉越宪法第1941号令。它带有沙捞越和平爱好者的愿望,并将1941年宪法的序言纳入九项基本原则。除其他规定外,这项原则规定如下:

“应始终牢记自治的目标,砂拉越人民应在适当的时候受到自身的治理,并应继续努力,通过教育他们来加速实现这一目标。公民身份的义务,责任和特权“

Image result for cobbold commission led to the malaysia agreement signed on 9 july 1963

当沙捞越属于殖民地政府时,这项宪法目标根据其附录中的1956年修订的沙捞越宪法法令进行。在审议马来西亚形成概念时,Cobbold委员会在1959年向砂拉越的女王陛下请求了解沙捞越的请愿书,女皇陛下保证其政府不会放弃对沙捞越政治的发展承担最终责任,这体现在基本原则中。直到他们对整个人民能够在新国家政府中具充分发挥作用感到满意,并且追求一个不会失去土着社区的最大利益和愿望的目标。此后,科博德委员会认为,应该尽早在两个领土(北婆罗洲与沙捞越)上尽早采取必要步骤,任命首席部长和采用国家部长制。“

科比委员会报告于1962年8月1日作为CMND 1794发布,联合王国政府和马来亚联邦在伦敦举行的一系列会议详细审议了该报告。

决定设立一个政府间委员会(IGC),由联合王国政府,马来亚联邦,北婆罗洲(沙巴)和沙捞越组成,以制定未来的宪法安排,并保障北婆罗洲(沙巴)的特殊利益。和砂拉越。

1956年沙捞越宪法法令进一步修订,以便任命沙捞越州长和部长政府系统,任命首席部长和最高委员会成员(国家内阁)。修订后的宪法于1963年作为沙捞越宪法法令颁布。1963年9月6日,宪报刊登宪报第163号通知。

1962年,当政府间委员会(IGC)进行调查时,通过三级选举为沙捞越大选做准备。首先是在砂拉越各地的所有安理会地区进行选民登记,以更新选民登记。

我很幸运被任命为Kanowit的助理登记官,并参与了在Kanowit镇对面的Mapai地区的长屋的演习。虽然大选始于1963年4月,但我被任命为Belaga的主管。这次选举第一次在政党阵容中受到质疑,因为所有支持马来西亚的政党都加入了由吉隆坡联盟支持的沙捞越联盟。

结果,砂拉越联盟联盟率先成立了政府。在此,Tan Sri Ong Kee Hui在他的书中记录了 :

“在消极方面,当Binatang区议会的独立成员被隔离监禁几天时,我们(SUPP)与Party Negara Sarawak(PANAS)组建政府的机会被拒绝了。“

“但从积极的方面来说,通过临时的PANAS / SUPP联盟,我们已经确保我们双方的支持者在立法议会中有发言权”   “虽然不是按照我们所希望的方式实现了自治” Tan Sri Ong Kee Hui说。

简短的宪政和政治发展强调了1963年7月22日沙捞越的历史时刻,当时的首席部长丹斯里拿督斯蒂芬卡隆宁甘的沙捞越第一任内阁领导沙捞越走向自治的最终目标。

这是当时的最高委员会(内阁)首次由首席部长而不是殖民地总督主持。沙捞越当时是一个主权国家,在1963年9月16日和1963年7月7日签署马来西亚协定后,其国家自治在议会民主制中形成马来西亚。

7月22日是砂拉越的宪法里程碑,它体现了其在移民,宗教自由,教育等方面的许多保障措施,以及1962年IGC综合报告中所载的国家立法权和行政权。

很高兴分享一些想法,并研究我们的历史过去,创造现在,拯救未来。

您诚挚的,
Lim Kian Hock
STF遗产发展委员会沙捞越旅游联合会主席

 

Sarawak Goal of Self-Government

 
Gurkhas soldiers and PFF at Long Jawi guarding during 1963 elelction and also the confrontation 1963. Lim (2nd left).

Gurkhas soldiers and PFF at Long Jawi guarding during 1963 elelction and also
the confrontation 1963. Lim (2nd left).

1963 counting of votes, Belaga 1963. Seated - Candidate Matu Puso (left) and Datuk Nyipa (right).

1963 counting of votes, Belaga 1963.
Seated – Candidate Matu Puso (left) and Datuk Nyipa (right).

SDSDGSGSDDear Editor, Sarawak is proud as the State with the oldest Legislature (Council Negeri) established on 8th September 1867 and with the earliest written Constitution of about one century.

This written Constitution was enacted in November 1941 as Sarawak constitution Order 1941. It carried the aspiration of the Sarawak peace loving people and incorporated in a preamble of the 1941 Constitution as the Nine Cardinal principles. Among other provisions, this principles spelt out the followings:-

“That the goal of self-government shall always be kept in mind, that the peoples of Sarawak shall be entrusted in due course with the governance of themselves, and that continued efforts shall be made to hasten the reaching of this goal by educating them in the obligation, responsibilities and the privileges of citizenship”

This constitutional objective was carried forward under the revised Sarawak Constitution Order 1956 under its Appendix when Sarawak came under the colonial Administration. During deliberation of the concept of formation of Malaysia, the Cobbold commission took cognizance of Sarawak’s petition in 1959 to Her Majesty the Queen who gave assurance that it was implicit in the Cardinal principles that Her Majesty’s Government would not surrender final responsibility for the development of Sarawak until they were satisfied that the people as a whole were able to play their full part in the government of the country and on pursing this goal would not lost the best interest and the desires of the indigenous communities. Following this, the Cobbold commission considered that the necessary steps towards the appointment of a Chief Minister and in the introduction of a State Ministerial System, should be taken at as early a date as practicable in both territories.”

The Cobbold Commission Report was published as CMND 1794 on 1st August 1962, and the Report was considered in details in series of meeting in London by the Government of United Kingdom and Federation of Malaya.

It was decided to establish an Inter-Government Committee (IGC) comprising the Government of United Kingdom, Federation of Malaya, North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak to work out the future constitutional arrangements and safeguard for the special interest of North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak.

The Sarawak Constitution Order 1956 was further revised to make the necessary provisions for the appointment of Sarawak Governor, and the Ministerial system of government with the appointment of a Chief Minister and members of the Supreme Council (State Cabinet). The revised Constitution was enacted as Sarawak Constitution Order in Council 1963. It was gazetted as Notification S 163 on 6th September 1963.

In 1962, while the Inter-Governmental Committee (IGC) conducted its finding, preparation for the Sarawak General Election by way of the three tiers election college was made. It started with the voters registration in all the Council areas throughout Sarawak to update the registration of voters.

I was fortunate to be appointed as Assistant Registering Officer in Kanowit and helped in the exercise covering longhouses in the Mapai areas Opposite Kanowit town. While the General Election was held starting in April 1963, I was posted as Officer-in-Charge of Belaga. It was for the first time that the election was contested on political party lineup in that all pro-Malaysia parties joined in as Sarawak Alliance backed up by the Alliance from Kuala Lumpur.

As a result, the Sarawak Alliance coalition took the lead and formed the government. In this the late Tan Sri Ong Kee Hui in his book recorded “On the negative side, our opportunity to form the government with Party Negara Sarawak (PANAS) was denied when an Independent member of Binatang District Council was held incommunicado for a few days by one of the alliance parties.”

“Yet on the positive side, through the temporary PANAS/SUPP Alliance, we had assured that the supporters of both our parties had a voice in the Council Negri” “Self-government had been achieved though not in the manner that we have desired” said Tan Sri Ong Kee Hui.

The brief constitutional and political development underline the historical moment of July 22, 1963 for Sarawak whereby the Sarawak first Cabinet of Ministers under the then Chief Minister Tan Sri Dato Stephen Kalong Ningkan led Sarawak toward the final goal of self-government.

It was for the first time the then Supreme Council (Cabinet) was presided by the Chief Minister instead of the Colonial Governor. Sarawak was then a sovereign state with its state autonomy in parliamentary democracy towards the formation of Malaysia on 16th September 1963 and after the Malaysia Agreement was signed on 7th July 1963.

22nd July is Sarawak’s constitutional milestone that crystallized its many safeguards in immigration, freedom of religion, education etc and also the legislative powers and executive authority of the State as enshrined in the consolidate IGC Report 1962.

It is nice to share some thoughts and look into our historical past to create the present and save the future.
Yours sincerely,
Lim Kian Hock
Chairman, STF Heritage Development Committee Sarawak Tourism Federation.

Saturday the 17th. . Joomla 3.0 templates. All rights reserved.