修訂第1條(2)聯邦憲法是聯邦政府的陷阱

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温利山:如果聯邦政府真誠地讓沙巴和沙撈越成為馬來亞的平等夥伴那麼所有222個議會席位必須與沙巴和沙撈越平分。與此同時,來自馬來亞的所有政黨都必須退出沙巴和沙撈越的土地,因為他們的存在被解釋為干涉沙巴和沙撈越作為马来西亚聯邦各國的尊嚴和主權。“聯邦憲法”第47條允許來自馬來亞的人在沙巴和沙撈越的議會席位上進行競爭應相應修改为不被允许所有沙撈越的收入本来都應該首先進入沙撈越政府的保險柜,在扣除沙撈越的需要的份額之後,然後剩下的再交聯邦政府。但一直這沒有做到,而只是將被联邦政府拿走的庞大收入之内,回头分一些給沙巴和沙撈越,这一直使沙砂人民對聯邦政府感到不滿。

 

 

修訂第1條(2)聯邦憲法是聯邦政府的陷阱

由Voon Lee Shan

Batu Lintang的前州議員

像拳擊一樣,在進入拳擊場之前,必須設置規則並且規則必須清晰。聯邦政府在談判桌上呼籲廢除1963年馬來西亞協議(MA63條約)中的事項,該協議現在導致了對聯邦憲法第1(2)條的擬議修正,這是聯邦政府制定的陷阱。陷阱是讓沙巴和沙撈越來到談判桌上,同意應修改第1條第(2)款,使沙巴和沙撈越等同於馬來亞。在擬議的修正案中,將提到沙巴和沙撈越是馬來西亞聯邦的領土。

 

在進入談判桌前,沙撈越政府,沙撈越政府和聯邦政府應該排除導致馬來西亞的一些初步問題。那麼,首先,根據聯合國第1514和1541號決議,沙巴和沙撈越的非殖民化進程是否已經開始並完成了? 1960年12月14日聯合國大會通過的聯合國第1514號決議是一項決議,規定殖民地國家的獨立。第1514號決議連同第1541號決議尚未廢除,並且仍然適用於世界上殖民地非殖民化的所有目的。

 

沙巴和沙撈越曾經是被英國殖民的國家,英國政府有政治義務看到沙巴和沙撈越都應該在聯合國第1514和1541號決議的指導下獲得獨立。

如果非殖民化進程已經完成,那麼各方需要確定MA63條約是否有效。為了轉移這個問題,公眾可能需要知道正是這個MA63條約導致新加坡,沙巴和沙撈越被從大英帝國收编。這導致於1963年9月16日擴大了馬來亞聯邦的領土。在馬來亞聯邦常駐秘書長Dato'Ong Yoke Lin向聯合國發出這封函後,擴大的馬來亞聯邦繼續以其新名稱馬來西亞加入聯合國。因此,馬來亞被稱為馬來西亞,馬來西亞被稱為馬來亞,因為根據聯合國的法律思想,馬來亞聯邦獲得新領土並不會破壞馬來亞獲得這些領土後的國際人格或法律身份。聯合國的法律意見還指出,“憲法的名稱變更或變更都不會影響國際法中國際人格或法律身份。”

 

如果MA63條約無效,那麼沙巴州和砂拉越政府必須強迫聯邦政府提出一項聯合聲明,即馬來西亞聯邦應該進一步談判是否應該組建一個新的區域政治實體。

 

現在,問題已提交联邦議會,使沙巴和沙撈越成為馬來西亞的“領土”。 “領土”或“領土”是什麼意思?顯然,領土是由另一個國家控制的國家或地區。如果在“聯邦憲法”第1條第(2)款中使用“領土”,這將使沙巴和沙撈越成為馬來亞的“殖民地”。

 

為了使馬來西亞聯邦的沙巴和沙撈越成為“領土”,聯邦政府似乎認為這兩個國家確實是馬來亞的“殖民地”。而被視為“殖民地”的人,現在是不会被Sabahans和Sarawakians所接受。如果沙巴和沙撈越是馬來亞的“殖民地”,那麼就沒有平等的伙伴關係,這種“平等夥伴關係”的概念將永遠是一種幻想。

 

因此,公眾不應同意或陷入陷阱,說“聯邦憲法”第1(2)條修訂沙巴和沙撈越的修正案將恢復或恢復我們在馬來西亞的合法平等地位。

 

僅對“聯邦憲法”第1(2)條的修正案,是無法恢復或歸還屬於沙巴和沙撈越的權利和特權。

 

目前許多人都認為砂拉越是一個“殖民地”,而砂拉越在馬來西亞沒有获得平等的伙伴關係。

 

Tunku Abdul Rahman在第89頁的丹斯里阿卜杜拉艾哈邁德的書“與Tunku Abdul Rahman的對話”中承認 新加坡,沙巴和沙撈越是英國人給馬來亞的禮物。这不是清楚说明Tunku Abdul Rahman承認,暗示沙巴和沙撈越是馬來亞的殖民地嗎?

 

 如果聯邦政府真誠地讓沙巴和沙撈越成為馬來亞的平等夥伴,那麼所有222個議會席位必須與沙巴和沙撈越平分。與此同時,來自馬來亞的所有政黨都必須退出沙巴和沙撈越的土地,因為他們的存在被解釋為干涉沙巴和沙撈越作為马来西亚聯邦各國的尊嚴和主權。

 

“聯邦憲法”第47條允許來自馬來亞的人在沙巴和沙撈越的議會席位上進行競爭,應相應修改为不被允许。來自馬來亞的政黨踏上沙巴和沙撈越,並允許馬來亞政党的人在沙巴和沙撈越的議會席位上競爭,是馬來亞為控制沙巴和沙撈越的管理和資源的帝國主義戰略行为。

 

所有沙撈越的收入本来都應該首先進入沙撈越政府的保險柜,在扣除沙撈越的需要的份額之後,然後剩下的再交聯邦政府。但一直這沒有做到,而只是將被联邦政府拿走的庞大收入之内,回头分一些給沙巴和沙撈越,这一直使沙巴和沙撈越的人民對聯邦政府感到不滿。。

 

目前,據资料显示僅從石油和天然氣而已,沙撈越被吸入聯邦保險柜的税收約為每天5億零吉,而同时在過去幾十年聯邦政府只有极少的資金用於发展砂拉越。 2017年沙撈越给予联邦政府的收入為1,100億令吉,然而,在希望联盟联邦政府的首次預算中,希盟政府僅向沙撈越提供了40億令吉!

 

 

Image result for voon lee shan Voon Lee Shan

Like boxing, before coming into the boxing ring, rules must be set and the rules must be clear. The calling by the federal government to the negotiation table to trash matters in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 (MA63 Treaty) which now led to the proposed amendment of Article 1(2) of the Federal Constitution was a trap set by the federal governmentThe trap was to get Sabah and Sarawak to come to the negotiating table to agree that Article 1(2) should be amended to give equal status to Sabah and Sarawak equal to Malaya. In the proposed amendment, it will be mentioned that Sabah and Sarawak shall be territories of the Federation of Malaysia

 

AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE 1(2) FEDERAL CONSTITUION IS A TRAP FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

By Voon Lee Shan
Former State Assemblyman for Batu Lintang


Like boxing, before coming into the boxing ring, rules must be set and the rules must be clear. The calling by the federal government to the negotiation table to trash matters in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 (MA63 Treaty) which now led to the proposed amendment of Article 1(2) of the Federal Constitution was a trap set by the federal government. The trap was to get Sabah and Sarawak to come to the negotiating table to agree that Article 1(2) should be amended to give equal status to Sabah and Sarawak equal to Malaya. In the proposed amendment, it will be mentioned that Sabah and Sarawak shall be territories of the Federation of Malaysia.


Before going to the negotiating table, the governments of Sabah, Sarawak together with the federal government should trash out some preliminary issues that led to Malaysia. That is, first, whether the decolonization process of Sabah and Sarawak under Resolutions 1514 and 1541 of the United Nation had begun and completed? This Resolution 1514 of the United Nations which was adopted in the United Nation General Assembly on December 14, 1960 is a resolution that provides for the granting of independence to colonial countries and people from their colonial masters. This Resolution 1514 together with Resolution 1541 have not been repealed and are still valid for all purposes concerning the decolonization of colonies in the world.


Sabah and Sarawak at one time were countries colonised by the British and the British government has a political obligation to see that both Sabah and Sarawak, should, guided by United Nations Resolutions 1514 and 1541, gain independence.


If the decolonization process had been completed, then, the parties need to determine whether MA63 Treaty is valid or otherwise. To divert a bit from this issue, public may need to know that it was this MA63 Treaty that led Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak being acquired from the British Empire. This led to enlarge the territory of the Federation of Malaya on 16.9.1963. The enlarged Federation of Malaya continues its United Nations membership under its new name of Malaysia after a letter to this effect was sent to the United Nations by Dato’ Ong Yoke Lin, the Permanent Secretary from the Federation of Malaya to the United Nations. Therefore, Malaya is known as Malaysia and Malaysia is known as Malaya because according to legal minds of the United Nations, the acquisition of new territories by the federation of Malaya does not destroy the international personality or legal identity of Malaya after acquiring these territories. The legal opinion of the United Nations also states that, “Neither does a change in name or a change in the Constitution affect the international personality or legal identity of a State in international law.”


If MA63 Treaty is not valid, then, the governments of Sabah and Sarawak have to force the federal government to come with a joint declaration that the Federation of Malaysia should disintegrate with further negotiations whether a new regional political entity should be formed.


Now, the matter is before Parliament to make Sabah and Sarawak as “territories” in Malaysia. What is meant by “territories” or “territory”? It is clear that a territory is a country or a region that is controlled by another country. If “territory” is used in the proposed Article 1(2) of the Federal Constitution, this will put Sabah and Sarawak as “colonies” of Malaya.


To make Sabah and Sarawak as ‘territories” in the Federation of Malaysia seems is a stand taken by the federal government that these two countries are indeed “colonies” of Malaya. To be perceived as “colonies” is not acceptable to Sabahans and Sarawakians at the moment. There can be no equal partnership if Sabah and Sarawak are “colonies” of Malaya and this concept of “equal partnership” will always be an illusion.


Therefore, the public should not agree or fall into the trap to say that the amendment to Article 1(2) of the Federal Constitution to make Sabah and Sarawak would restore or give back our rightful positions in Malaysia. 
The amendment to Article 1(2) of the Federal Constitution alone cannot restore or give back rights and privileges that belonged to Sabah and Sarawak.


Many at the moment are of the opinion that Sarawak is a “colony” and there is no equal partnership for Sarawak in Malaysia.


Tunku Abdul Rahman admitted in a book, “Conversations With Tunku Abdul Rahman” by Tan Sri Abdullah Ahmad at page 89 to the effect that Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak were a gift from the British to Malaya. Is not the admission by Tunku Abdul Rahman, implies that Sabah and Sarawak are colonies of Malaya?


If the federal government is sincere to make Sabah and Sarawak as equal partners to Malaya, then, all 222 parliamentary seats have to be divided equally with Sabah and Sarawak. At the same time, all political parties from Malaya have to be withdrawn from the soils of Sabah and Sarawak because their presence is construed as interference with the dignity and sovereignty of Sabah and Sarawak as countries of the Federation.


Article 47 of the Federal Constitution that allows people from Malaya to contest parliamentary seats in Sabah and Sarawak should be amended accordingly. By political parties from Malaya setting foot in Sabah and Sarawak and by allowing Malayans contest in parliamentary seats in Sabah and Sarawak, is seen as an imperialism strategy by Malaya to control the administration and resources of Sabah and Sarawak.


All revenues should by right go into the coffer of the Sarawak government first before the balance after deductions made of Sarawak’s share of the revenue, goes to the federal government. But this was not done. By taking the revenues before giving back part of the revenues to Sabah and Sarawak have always made the peoples of Sabah and Sarawak unhappy with the federal government.


At the moment, it is said that from oil and gas alone, the revenues that goes to federal coffer from Sarawak is about half a billion ringgit per day and yet there are little fund coming from the federal government for past decades to develop Sarawak. In 2017 it was said Sarawak generated a revenue of RM110 billion, yet, in its maiden budget, the Pakatan Harapan government only gave Sarawak RM4 billion.

 

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