一个国家如何成为联合国会员国?

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 联合国- YouTube

《联合国宪章》规定:“凡爱好和平的国家,接受《联合国宪章》所载义务,经本组织认为确能履行这些义务,都可以成为联合国会员国。 申请程序大致如下:申请国向秘书长提交一份申请,同时提交一封正式声明接受《联合国宪章》所载义务的信函。安全理事会审议申请。安理会15个理事国中至少有9个投赞成票,并且5个常任理事国(中、法、俄、英、美)没有任何一个投反对票,才能通过任何接纳新会员的建议。安理会建议接纳后,还需递交联合国大会审议,经三分之二多数投赞成票,联合国大会才能接纳一个新会员国。

 

联合国- YouTube

 

 

一个国家如何成为联合国会员国?

 

 联合国宪章| 联合国

 

《联合国宪章》规定:“凡爱好和平的国家,接受《联合国宪章》所载义务,经本组织认为确能履行这些义务,都可以成为联合国会员国。”申请加入联合国的国家须经安全理事会推荐,再由联合国大会决定,才能获得联合国会员国资格。

一个新的国家或政府如何获得联合国的承认?

只有其他国家或政府才拥有承认一个新的国家或政府的权力。承认与否通常表明这些国家或政府是否愿意与其建立外交关系。联合国既不是国家,也不是政府,因此无权认可一个新的国家或政府。但是,作为一个独立国家构成的组织,联合国可以接纳一个新国家成为其会员国,或者接受一个新政府代表的全权证书。

申请程序大致如下:

申请国向秘书长提交一份申请,同时提交一封正式声明接受《联合国宪章》所载义务的信函。

安全理事会审议申请。安理会15个理事国中至少有9个投赞成票,并且5个常任理事国(中国、法国、俄罗斯联邦、大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国和美利坚合众国)没有任何一个投反对票,才能通过任何接纳新会员的建议。

如果安理会建议接纳该国,则该建议将递交联合国大会审议。但必须有三分之二多数会员国投赞成票,联合国大会才能接纳一个新会员国。

接纳新会员国的决议通过之日,即为会员国资格正式生效之时。

联合国大会每一届会议都会审查与会的所有会员国代表的全权证书。按照惯例,首先应审查全权证书委员会9个成员国代表的全权证书,但是对该委员会成员的审查也可以在其他时间进行。在审查期间,可以对某个特定代表是否得到当权政府授权提出质疑。这个问题最终将由联合国大会多数票决定。需要指出的是,通过民主选举而造成的政府正常更替不会造成对有关国家代表全权证书的质疑。


How does a country become a Member of the United Nations?

Membership in the Organization, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, “is open to all peace-loving States that accept the obligations contained in the United Nations Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able to carry out these obligations”. States are admitted to membership in the United Nations by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

How does a new State or Government obtain recognition by the United Nations?

The recognition of a new State or Government is an act that only other States and Governments may grant or withhold. It generally implies readiness to assume diplomatic relations. The United Nations is neither a State nor a Government, and therefore does not possess any authority to recognize either a State or a Government. As an organization of independent States, it may admit a new State to its membership or accept the credentials of the representatives of a new Government.

The procedure is briefly as follows:

The State submits an application to the Secretary-General and a letter formally stating that it accepts the obligations under the Charter.

The Security Council considers the application. Any recommendation for admission must receive the affirmative votes of 9 of the 15 members of the Council, provided that none of its five permanent members — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America — have voted against the application.

If the Council recommends admission, the recommendation is presented to the General Assembly for consideration. A two-thirds majority vote is necessary in the Assembly for admission of a new State.

Membership becomes effective the date the resolution for admission is adopted.

At each session, the General Assembly considers the credentials of all representatives of Member States participating in that session. During such consideration, which routinely takes place first in the nine-member Credentials Committee but can also arise at other times, the issue can be raised whether a particular representative has been accredited by the Government actually in power. This issue is ultimately decided by a majority vote in the Assembly. It should be noted that the normal change of Governments, as through a democratic election, does not raise any issues concerning the credentials of the representative of the State concerned.

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